Written by Björn-Ole Kamm

日本ではラープがないの原因

デンマーク、ビモセヘグンでKnudepunkt 2011”というコンファレンスのための研究ペーパー(2011年2月17日)

A short presentation of research on the absence of larp (life action role-play) in Japan which has been published in the conference volume “Think Larp!” which accompanied the conference.

アブストラクト
Even though similar practices like cosplay (masquerading as media characters) exist in Japan, larp is quite unheard of. The aim of this study is to understand why Japanese roleplayers do not see larp as an activity they can easily adopt. Instead of following a common, Western research perspective on Japan that repeats notions of Japanese uniqueness, an interactionist approach is adopted. This is done by engaging in actual exchange with the researched subjects, and through the introduction of a theoretical model for the process of experience evaluation in order to understand how former experiences form expectations. It shows the importance of individual ascriptions of meaning and their connection to the historical, discursive, societal and personal contexts that frame these meanings. Fieldwork and qualitative interviews were conducted and analyzed in respect to larp in Japan. The interviews were later contrasted with the interviewees‘ experience of a mini-larp. Most players expressed a desire to learn about larps and try them but felt uneasy regarding the space and time restrictions they experienced in Japan. These restrictions have influenced roleplaying tremendously and have formed the expectations towards what roleplaying encompasses — and what people deem possible. Especially the perceived non-availability of knowledge about larp and of space is of importance.

キーワード
japan, larp, qualitative research, symbolic interactionsim, uses & gratifications

参考文献
相田 美穂(2004)「現代日本におけるコミュニケーションの変容 : おたくという社会現象を通して」 広島修大論集第45巻第1号、 87-127頁.

Blumler, J. G., & Katz, E. (1974). The Uses of Mass Communications: Current Perspectives on Gratifications Research. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Edwards, R. (2001). GNS and Other Matters of Role-playing Theory Retrieved October 15, 2010, from https://www.indie-rpgs.com/articles/1/

Fine, G. A. (1983). Shared Fantasy: Role-Playing Games as Social Worlds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

大塚英志(2004)『”オタク”の精神史・1980年代論』講談社.

出版物
Kamm, Björn-Ole (2011). Why Japan does not Larp“. In: Thomas Duus Henriksen, et al.Think larp. Academic Writings from KP2011. Kopenhagen: Rollespilsakademiet, S. 52-69.
PDF としてダウンロード.

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